As the capital and the most densely populated city of the state of Massachusetts, Boston has a long history of being an established centre for many things in the USA. It is one of the oldest municipalities in the US, having been founded by Puritan settlers on the Shawmut Peninsula in the 1630. Ever since then, it grew to become a significant economical, educational, cultural, industrial and social hub, as well as an important port.
While originally the settlement was called Trimountaine (due to the three mountains that were in the area back in the day), it was soon renamed and is now known as Boston after one of the more well-known settler’s hometown. Its focus on education was seen very early in the years of its existence due to the emphasis Puritans put on proper schooling. In fact, Boston Latin School, the very first public school in America, was established there in 1635. Up until the middle of the 18th century, Boston was the largest city of the British America mostly because of the fact that it was a lively and active port.
Throughout the 18th century, many prominent events relating to the American Revolution took place near or in Boston – most famously, the Boston Tea Party, which is considered to be the cornerstone that fuelled the entire American Revolution. After the revolution, Boston was key to the success of the newly formed country; its flourishing port helped establish international relations and promoted trade with nearby continents. On top of that, the 19th century saw manufacturing in Boston escalate to become an even more important economical driving force than the port.
During that same period, arts and culture in Boston were not far behind. With Boston Brahmins, a group of art patrons that was considered to be elite at the time, in the forefront, Boston was rich in artistic innovation, cultural events as well as literary accomplishments.
While the 20th century proved to be a trying time for Boston because industrial production decreased in importance, its intellectual, technological, and political standing allowed it to remain one of the most important cities in the USa.
When it comes to Boston, education deserves a section of its own. The city is known for an extremely well-developed net of public schools, while private schools there tend to be more accessible to all social and economic classes in comparison to the rest of the USA. It is possible due to the financial support given by the city as well as private investors with the wish to promote the intellectual flourishing of Boston. However, it is the universities that make Boston so famous. The Brainpower Triangle, which includes Harvard, Tufts and MIT, are just outside Boston and nurture some of the greatest minds in the world. On top of that, Northeastern University and Boston College are two very reputable and highly ranked institutions that are located in Boston. No wonder that Boston belongs to one of the top destinations for quality education for students from all over the world. Most of these schools, which the exception of MIT since it is a high-tech focused school, offer comprehensive art studies that nurture creative minds and allow Boston to be a very important artistic hub.